BA, SUNY Empire State College; MFA School of Visual Arts.
Co-founder and co-chair Masters Workshop in Design History, Theory and Practice in Italy. Founding Managing Editor, American Illustration & Photography; reporter-at-large, Italian Design, Graphis; professional advisor US Port of Entry at Massena Design Charrette; architect selection consultant: Cleveland Museum of Art, National World War II Memorial Design Competition, Pritzker Architecture Prize annual jury meeting; project director Whitehall Ferry Terminal Design Competition; project coordinator, Italian Manifesto Conference, International design Conference in Aspen; conference co-chair, Designer as Author:Entrepreneurism in the Digital Age Conference.
Honors and Awards
Visiting Scholar American Academy in Rome 2008 & 2010
Co-author Typography Sketchbooks, Design School Confidential, Design Firms Open for Business. , Graphic: Inside the Sketchbooks of the World’s Great Graphic Designers, Design Entrepreneur: Turning Graphic Design into Goods that Sell, Design Career: Practical Knowledge for Beginning Illustrators and Graphic Designers
Senior Art Director, New York Times 1974-2007 Visuals Columnist, The New York Times Book Review
New York University, School of Visual Arts
Honors and Awards
Three National Endowment for the Arts Design Arts fellowships , 1998 Special Educators Award, Art Directors Club;, 1999 Hershel Levit Award, Pratt Institute, 1999 AIGA Medal for Lifetime Achievement; , 2000 Outstanding Client Award, Graphic Artists Guild; , , 2011 Smithsonian National Design Award for "Design Mind"
Over 100 books on graphic design, illustration and political art, including Iron Fists: Branding the 20th Century Totalitarian State; Paul Rand; Merz to Emigre and Beyond: Avant Garde Magazine Design of the Twentieth Century; Design Literacy: Understanding Graphic Design; Handwritten: Expressive Lettering in the Digital Age; The Education of a Typographer; Graphic Design History; Graphic Style: From Victorian to Postmodern; Typology: Type Design from Victorian to Postmodern; The Education of A Graphic Designer; Italian Art Deco: Graphic Design Between the Wars; Faces on the Edge: Type in the Digital Age; The Swastika: A Symbol Beyond Redemption?; French Modern: Art Deco Graphic Design; Euro Deco; Cuba Style; Times Square Style; The Savage Mirror: The Art of Contemporary Caricature; Texts on Type; Graphic Humor: The Art of Graphic Wit; Citizen Designer; Seymour Chwast: The Left Handed Designer; Innovators of American Illustration; Art Against War; The Push Pin Graphic: Twenty Five Years of Design and Illustration; Stylepedia: Mannerisms Quirks and Conceits in Graphic Design; The Education of a Photographer; Anatomy of Design: Uncovering the Influences and Inspiration in Modern Graphic Design; The Design Entrepreneur: Turning Graphic Design Into Goods That Sell.